Biathlon History

A chronological listing of the first events and milestones in the history of Biathlon.

1767
First competition at the Swedish-Norwegian border between border patrol units

1861
Trysil Rifle and Ski Club in Norway established

1924
Military patrol a demonstration sport in the first Olympic Winter Games, Chamonix, FRA

1948
UIPM founded on August 3rd in Sandhurst, GBR, 17 foundation members, first President Tom Wibom/SWE

1949
First UIPM Congress in Stockholm/SWE, Mr. Oyrsen/SWE President

1955
The concept of Modern Winter Biathlon introduced in Macolin, SUI

1956
Competition rules for Biathlon are approved on November 17 in Melbourne, AUS UIPM recognizes both Modern Pentathlon and Biathlon Federations of each member nation B added to UIPM to form the acronym UIPMB

1957
UIPMB proclaims itself responsible for Winter Biathlon in Stockholm, SWE

1958
1st Biathlon World Championships - individual old program on March 2, Saalfelden, AUT

1960
Mens Individual 20 km event in Olympic Winter Games in Squaw Valley, USA UIPMB Congress in Rome/ITA, Sven Thofelt/SWE President

1961
UIPM Bulletin published

1962
UIPMB creates two Congresses - Biathlon Congress, March 2, in Hämeenlinna, FIN

1964
First International Referee course in Storlien, SWE

1965
Relay rules approved on February 20 in Elverum, NOR.
The age limit of Juniors set at 21 years North American Championships, Prince George, B.C.

1966
Present individual competition format and a single 150 m stadium formats used One minute penalty for hits in the outer circle, 2 minutes for complete misses.
Relay included in World Championships in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, FRG

1967
Junior Mens individual and relay World Championships in Altenberg, GDR

1968
Relay in Olympic Winter Games in Grenoble, FRA

1972
First UIPMB General Assembly held on September 2 in Munich, FRG.
Biathlon representatives named to one half of the Administrative Council
Electronic scoreboard used in Sapporo, JPN

1974
Sprint competition included in World Championships in Minsk, URS

1977
Last large bore World Championships conducted in Vingrom (Lillehammer), NOR

1978
Small bore (.22 cal. LR) rifle becomes the official competition rifle on January 1
Mechanical falling plate targets used in Hochfilzen, AUT
World Cup standings recognized officially, scored 25, 24, 23, ..1

1980
Sprint competitions in Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid, USA
Two minute penalty eliminated and aiming mark size set at 11 cm
Mechanical targets used in Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid, USA
Womens rules approved by Congress in Sarajevo, YUG
Junior Mens age limit reduced to 20 from 21 years

1981
First womens international competition in Jachymov - Karlovy Vary, TCH

1983
Biathlon included in the FISU Games in Borovetz, BUL

1984
1st Womens World Championships - individual, sprint and relay in Chamonix, FRA

1985
World Cup scoring point system changed to 30, 26, 24, 22, 21...1

1986
Asian Winter Games, Sapporo, JPN

1987
Men and Women compete in joint World Cup competitions Nations Cup scoring instituted

1988
IOC Executive Board decides to include women in the 1992 Olympic Winter Games
Igor Novikov/URS President, Anders Besseberg/NOR Vice-President

1989
Junior Women compete at World Championships in Voss, NOR
Womens distances increased to 15 km in the individual and 7.5 km in the sprint and relay
Men and Women compete in joint World Championships in Feistritz, AUT
Team competition included in World Championships, Feistritz, AUT
Electronic targets used to score shooting results, Feistritz, AUT

1992
Women compete at Olympic Winter Games, Albertville, FRA
Decision to separate from Modern Pentathlon made on Nov. 30 in Amili-Les-Bains, FRA
Anders Bessberg/NOR President

1993
IBU founded at an extraordinary UIPMB Congress on July 2 in London, GBR
IBU office opened on Dec 12 in Salzburg, AUT

1994
First ordinary IBU Congress, Salzburg, AUT
1st European Championships, Kontiolahti, FIN

1996
1st Summer Biathlon World Championships in Hochfilzen, AUT
Firing point numbering and Prone/Standing reversed to start from the right

1997
Pursuit competitions included in World Cups and World Championships in Osrblie, SVK
Mass start Sprint in World Cup Final in Novosibirsk, RUS

1998
IOC approves the pursuit competition into the Olympic program on June 2-5
Third regular IBU Congress held on June 26-28 in Salzburg, AUT
IBU separates formally from UIPMB

1999
IBU officially registers its seat on June 1 in Salzburg, AUT

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